Vastu Tips for Plots
WHY IS THE SITE SELECTION IMPORTANT?
The selection of a site is very important since the site represents a fixed form, that will radiate positive as well as negative energies depending on its location, orientation, shape, slope and soil quality. While selecting a Site these five major points are to be kept in mind.
Normally a Vaastu Expert is not involved at the time of buying a Site. But as a Vaastu Expert, I would suggest that it is good to involve one, at the time of selecting a Site, as his inputs could be very valuable in deciding the right Site. Generally, the points an Vaastu Expert will keep in mind while selecting a site, will by default be in accordance with Vaastu Shastra.
If you already own a Site for construction of house or office, you should still refer to the Vaastu Guidelines prescribed for the selection of suitable Site.
In the Selection of a Site, the following Vaastu Guidelines should be looked into, since most of these guidelines are based on scientific reasoning and few on common sense.
· VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE LOCATION
· VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE ORIENTATION
· VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SHAPE
· VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SOIL
· VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SLOPE
VAASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE LOCATION
Proper guidelines have been put fin Vaastu Shastra for the Selection of a Site. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert I have made an attempt to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically. It is up to you to decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
WHAT IS THE BEST LOCATION OF A SITE?
Peaceful, calm place with lot of greenery and good water source with good soil, for obvious reasons. The fertile soil is an indication of good soil for construction.
While purchasing a piece of land, it is a good idea to stand on the land and feel its vibration for a few moments. If you feel positive about it, consider buying the land. If not, it is probably not good for you. The Reasoning is that it is always advisable to trust your instinct but make sure you are not influenced by anything or anyone else, for good reasons.
Check the Plot history; it should be a good history. It is best to buy land where happy and successful people have lived. The natural reasoning behind the concept is totally psychologically, you will feel that a land where people were happy and prosperous; has good vibes or energy.
Check for the road adjacent to the plot. Plot with pathways on all four sides is considered the best. It ensures health, wealth, prosperity and happiness. The natural reasoning for the logic is because a Plot with roads on all four sides is not abutting any body’s property and hence one can derive maximum lighting and ventilation from all four sides.
The next best option is a Plot with roads on the North or East. The reasoning I understand for it is that more light and air can enter from these sides in the mornings.
If there are source of water or water in or around the plot; check their location. Plots with a water source in the North, East or North-East are good. The Reason is that the germicidal U-V rays of the morning sunlight, which engulf the North-East corner in the morning, can purify the water.
WHICH SITES ARE NOT GOOD?
It is advisable to avoid a haunted or dilapidated house. The Plot should not be purchased, if in the recent past someone has committed suicide on it, or if there have been several deaths over a period of a couple of months. You may psychologically feel uneasy if you happen to know of such a past.
Avoid purchasing a plot that has been sold under stress. Such Plots should be purchased only with caution and proper consultation with a Vaastu expert. One good reason is that you may feel psychologically unhappy and guilty, knowing that the Plot was sold out of helplessness and that the previous owner must be still holding onto it.
We have to avoid sites near a public place or buildings. The Plot should not be near or adjacent to any public place like temple, hospital, factory, school, college etc. Such places will constantly be crowded and noisy. But if they are at least 80 ft to 100 ft away, then the plot is acceptable.
We cannot live in an environment with foul smell. It is advisable to avoid sites near smelly places. The Plot should not be near a meat shop, workshop, leather tannery, laundry, shoe shop, dustbins, sewage drains etc. The bad smell emanating from these places will permeate the house permanently and naturally create a atmosphere in the house that is not suitable to live in.
Sites where either cactus or trees with thorn grow should be avoided. Such sites indicate sandy soil which will not support the foundation effectively. The soil of such land is not strong enough to hold the foundation of the building.
If the plot is between large plots, it should be avoided. In such plots the owner of the smaller plot can construct only a much smaller house than the owners of the larger plots and thus, may subconsciously feel ’small’ with respect to the neighbors. This can create a feeling of inferiority in the owner.
It is good to avoid plots with lot of cracks or too much wet soil. The cracks indicate dried up clayey soil and too wet soil also indicates clayey soil that does not allow the drainage of water. Such soil is not suitable for a building foundation as it will retain moisture and necessitate extra expenditure for water-proofing the foundation.
Strictly avoid Plots facing a T or Y intersection of roads. This is because you can see oncoming traffic and this may give you the nervousness feeling or lack of privacy. However, in some cases, as explained below, such plots are acceptable.
AS PER VAASTU SHASTRA, WHAT IS VEETHI SHOOL?
Plots facing a T or Y intersection, where roads or lanes run right into the face of the site from different directions are called Veethii (road) Shool (Arrows). Since it is difficult to comment on the different permutations and combinations of roads, oncoming roads, directions etc, that form the Veedi Shoolas, let us examine the basic considerations, in naming them as good, not bad, bad and very bad.
· East—NorthEast If the oncoming road is from the East, and hits the North-East part of the Plot, it is considered a good site.
· North—NorthEast If the oncoming road is from the North, and hits the North-East part of the Plot it is considered a good site.
· West —NorthWest If the oncoming road is from the West, and hits the North- West part of the Plot, it is considered as a not bad site.
· South—SouthEast If the oncoming road is from the South, and hits the South- East part of the Plot, it is considered as a not bad site.
· East — SouthEast If the oncoming road is from the East, and hits the South- East part of the Plot, it is considered a bad site.
· North — NorthWest If the oncoming road is from the North, and hits the North-West part of the Plot, it is considered a bad site.
· West — SouthWest If the oncoming road is from the West, and hits the South-West part of the Plot, it is considered a very bad site.
· South — SouthWest If the oncoming road is from the South, and hits the South-West part of the Plot, it is considered a very bad site.
CAN THE VEETHI SHOOL BE CORRECTED?
If your Plot is facing an intersection, (called a Veethi Shool), as you can see the oncoming traffic and people, this may give you the nervousness feeling or lack of privacy. In order to overcome this, you can use the corner of the plot that faces the intersection as a garage or car porch etc so that the main house is not facing the intersection. Or you could fence off that part and use it for some other purpose like a garden or outhouse etc.
VAASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SHAPE
As per Vaastu Shastra, the shape of the plot affects the well being of the inmates. It has been noted certain shape of plots have a good effect, while others shapes a bad effect and some plots can be used after making corrections to a suitable shape. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
SHAPES OF PLOT AND THEIR EFFECTS
A plot with equal length and width is considered as an ideal site for construction. As per Vaastu, it ensures all round growth, prosperity and happiness. In ancient time, houses were designed around a central square courtyard, for better ventilation, a square plot was considered the most suitable.
A plot having the length and width in 1:2 ration are considered good. If the length faces north and width faces west, it would be considered more suitable. Such plots are considered to bestow good health, wealth and prosperity upon the residents. Like in a square site, it is easy to design a square or rectangle shaped house in such plot with extra space used for trees, outhouse etc and hence is not wasted.
The Triangle shaped plot is not good. Such sites are considered as sites where there will always be fear of fire.
Such shapes are not considered good for construction of houses. According to Vaastu, such plots would bring bad luck to the owners.
Plots With more than 4 sides
Pentagon, Hexagon, Octagon shaped plots should be avoided for construction of house. People in such plots always live in fear.
A plot that is narrow in the front and wide at the back is called Gou Mukhi. Such plot is considered auspicious for residential purpose. Such plots bring prosperity to the house owners.
A plot that is wide in the front or entrance and narrow at the back is known as Simha Mukhi plot. Such plots are considered inauspicious for residential purpose but are suitable for commercial purpose.
Plots with corners cut
Plots with a missing corner should not be purchased for any reason. If you must, then do so with proper consultation of an Expert Vaastu Shastri. Plots with cut corners are considered inauspicious.
Plots with projections or extensions
The plots with extension in the North or East or North-East are considered good. Other extensions are considered as inauspicious. Plots with extensions in the North-West, South-East or South-West are not considered good, they bring bad luck to the owners.
VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE ORIENTATION
Vaastu Shastra lays down guidelines to aid you in the selection of a plot with the ideal direction. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
WHAT DOES ‘SITE ORIENTATION’ MEAN?
Site Orientation means the location or position of the plot with respect to the Cardinal directions. In lay mans language, if you stand in the plot and see towards the road which direction you see? The plots orientation is identified by the direction that the front of the plot faces. When you stand in the Site and face the road, the direction you face is said to be the plots orientation. For example, a plot with a road in the North, is called a North facing.
WHAT ARE THE CARDINAL DIRECTIONS?
In Vaastu there is clear explanation regarding the direction of the plot. Let us understand the eight directions, which are identifiable depending on the position of the Sun in the sky. They are:
· East (poorv): The Sun rises in the East.
· West (Paschim): The Sun sets in the West.
· North (Uttar): When one faces the East, the direction to the left is the North.
· South (Dakshin): When one faces the East, the direction to the right is the South.
· Where the two Cardinal directions meet, is also as significant as the main direction, since it combines the forces emanating from both the directions.
· North-East (Eeshan): This is where the North and East meet.
· North-West (Vaayavya): This is where the North and the West meet.
· South-West (Nairuthya): This is where the South and the West meet.
· South-East (Aagneya): This is where the South and the East meet.
WHAT IS THE RELEVANCE OF FACING OF PLOTS?
In ancient scriptures it has been written that the sun is the “Giver of Life” and its role was deeply considered while designing the principles of “Building Design”. Buildings are oriented in such a way that at all times the inmates benefit from the useful effects of the morning Sun’s UV radiation which helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D in our bodies, while being protected from the harmful effects and the intense heat of the infra-red rays of the afternoon Sun. As such, the most frequently used rooms during the day are oriented in the East (for morning sunlight) and the North (for constant sunlight in India) whereas the rooms that are used mostly at night are restricted to the South and the West.
Thus, the layout of a House and the rooms have been prescribed in Vaastu, according to the position of the Sun, through out the day, from the time it rises in the East to the time it sets in the West. Depending which direction the plot faces, it becomes either easier or more difficult to design the layout of the House. This is why the facing of the plot or Site Orientation is given importance while selecting a site or plot for construction of house.
WHICH IS THE BEST DIRECTION FOR A PLOT?
In ancient text of Vaastu guidelines to aid in the Selection of a plot with the ideal Orientation are based on Common sense, scientific reasoning and logic. As per Vaastu:
All directions are considered good and each has its own advantages. The only reason I understand is; in any city or town, there are roads in all four directions and naturally there have to be houses on both sides of the roads. Also, the city looks more aesthetic if there are houses in all the four directions. Hence, according to Vaastu, all plots are considered good.
East facing Plot is good for scholars, philosophers, priests, professors, teachers etc. The Logic- East (morning sun rays) is considered the source of enlightenment. North facing plot is good for those in power, administration and those who work for government. South facing plot is good for business class and for those who work in business organizations at management level. West facing plot is more suitable for those who provide supporting services to the society.
The reason why Vaastu attributes each direction to a different class of people is because in ancient times, Indian society was divided into four classes of people, based on their occupations. But gradually these classes became castes and there was very little social mixing between the castes and so people of each caste preferred being with their own people. Hence their homes were grouped together.
In a plot that does not squarely face the cardinal directions it is fount that its axis is not parallel to the magnetic axis of the Earth. In such a case, the house should be built on the Site facing the other four directions. There is a technical procedure by which the cardinal points are ascertained for the orientation of the buildings. It should be done in the centre of the plot which is considered the naval of the Vaastu Purusha. In order to benefit from the useful effects of the Sun and other natural elements, it is better if the house is built facing the cardinal directions.
VAASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SOIL
In ancient Vaastu text proper guidelines have been prescribed to aid you in the selection of a plot or site with the ideal soil type. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
ACCORDING TO VASTU SHASTRA, WHAT IS THE IDEAL TYPE OF SOIL IN A SITE?
To construct a building for any purpose, land is required. And it is a fact the land has not been previously not allocated for the same. It has to be some or the other kind of site that has to be used. It should be correctly noted for what purpose the land was being used previously.
While purchasing land, it is ideal to buy a piece of land that is most suitable for cultivation i.e., where the vegetation can grow. There are different types of soil based on the colour- brick red, dark brown, white, red, yellow, black etc. Generally the soil which is good for cultivation like red, brick red, brown, yellow soil etc is also good for the foundation of a building. Whereas, black and clayey soil which is not good for cultivation is also not good for buildings as it retains water and can cause dampness to the foundation.
It is advised to avoid a site with black and clayey soil. The Reason being, the black soil indicates soil that retains water and doesn’t allow good drainage. It is best to avoid such a site because it will require special kind of foundation and water-proofing which will cost many time more than the usual foundation.
Again avoid rocky piece of land for construction purpose. Land with too many rocks and thorny trees is not considered good. This is because it may be an indication that there is rock below which will have to be blasted out before laying the foundation, causing unexpected expenditure.
A land with lot of worms should be avoided. This may be an indication that the soil is very loose and will not support the foundation well.
DOES VAASTU PRESCRIBE METHODS FOR CHECKING THE SUITABILTY OF THE SOIL FOR CONSTRUCTION?
According to scriptures written by King Bhoj, the ancient Indian Vaastu Specialist, there are two simple tests to check the suitability of the soil type.
WATER TEST: Dig a 2ftx2ftx2ft hole and slowly fill it with water. Let the soil absorb the water. Note the time period. If the time taken to absorb the water is more than an hour, it is considered good. After the water is absorbed, check for cracks in the pit, if there are many then it is not suitable. If the water is absorbed readily, then the soil is not suitable to sustain the load of the building. If there are cracks, it indicates clayey soil, which will retain water and hence, can cause dampness to the foundation. Land with sandy or clayey soils will necessitate extra strong foundations with proper water proofing, which in turn will be more expensive.
SOIL TEST: Dig another 2ftx2ftx2ft hole and then fill it up again. If some soil is left over after filling, the land is considered good. If there is no soil left after filling up, it is average. If after putting the complete soil back in the pit it is not fully filled, it is not good. This is the test to determine the soil’s natural moisture, density and aeration. If the hole is not fully filled up, it means the soil is dense and clayey and hence will retain water which is not good for a building foundation.
Surprisingly, even today people adopt the same method for testing the soil at the site. In fact, it is the first thing an Architect instructs the client to get done, so that the kind of structure can be decided and the structural engineer can design the structure and foundation accordingly.
VASTU GUIDELINES FOR SITE SLOPE
In ancient Vaastu scriptures great importance has been given to the selection of site based on the slope of the land. As Vaastu is a science, there is logic and reasoning behind every guideline. As a Vaastu Expert, I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically, so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don’t.
WHAT IS THE SUITABLE SLOPE OF THE LAND?
The North-East half of the plot is called the Solar half and the South-West half is called the Lunar half. Ideally the Solar half (Sun) should be lower than the Lunar half (moon’s surface). In short, Vastu recommends that always, the:
· North-East corner should be the lowest,
· North-West should be higher than the North-East corner,
· South-East should be higher than the North-West corner,
· South-West should be higher than the South-East corner.
The North-East corner should be the lowest and the South-West corner should be the highest: The Logic- This ensures the ideal flow of light and solar energy from the North-East corner (morning light and constant light) into the house. Also, when the South-West corner is higher than the North-East corner, it serves as a buffer (to the West and South-West sunrays) and prevents the heating up of the rest of the house.
Avoid plots with a depressed or raised centre: Avoid plots humped at the center and sloping on all sides. Similarly avoid plots that are depressed at the center. The Logic- If the center is too depressed or too much higher, it is difficult and expensive to level the site as it may even have rock below, which will have to be blasted out.
The road level should be lower than the Site: The Logic- Normally there is a storm water drain between the Site and the road, so when there is heavy rainfall, even if the drain overflows, the excess water will flow onto the road instead of the site. Also, all the excess water from the site will flow out into the drain and road instead of vice-versa.
CAN THE SLOPE BE CORRECTED AS PER VASTU SHASTRA?
In cities, it is difficult to get sites that meet the requirements of Vaastu. However, there are ways of correcting sites that are not in accordance with Vaastu.
Plot sloping down from the North-East to wards South-West can be corrected. If the North-East corner is at a higher elevation than other sides of the property, you can dig soil from that corner and dump it in the South and West portions. This way the land will slope down from the South-West toward the North-East.
Plot with a raised or has a humped in the centre of the plot, it again can be corrected. If the plot is raised in the centre then, the earth can be dug out and dumped towards the South-West of the plot.
Plot with a depressed centre can also be corrected. If the plot is depressed in the centre, then earth can be dug out from the rest of the Site and filled in the centre to balance out the levels.
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