Religious Vaastu : Vaastu of Temples
In India the architecture of temple represents this concept of evolution and changes. The Temple architecture uses the balanced relationship between the deities, trees, plants, colors and shapes. Various deities that are established in a temple represent body, mind, intellect and the sub-components. Depending on the associated directions of these deities they then are linked to the energies of the universe. This is the philosophy to establish a relationship between all the levels of the elements in existence.
Using the advance concepts of mathematics, Vaastu Shastra achieves the desired shapes, forms, and spaces in case of Temple Vaastu. Science and scientific logic has been an integral part of Vaastu shastra.
To reshape the human thinking, transformation of individual perception and personal thoughts, desires, and ambitions is the sole desire of the Temple Vaastu. The space is reshaped in temple architecture with the help of domes, pyramids, various shapes and forms to achieve maximum rhythmic response for the desired results.
Temple architecture in the Eastern philosophy creates a space for holistic atmosphere suitable for any individual. We have seen that in most of the temples were the rules of Vaastu are followed; people hold very high faith for these temples. They are considered effective by devotees and they make sacred vow in these temples finding that there vows are fulfilled. These effects are observed to a lesser degree in some other temples.
Rules for Construction of Temple
For building religious Vastu temple, first of all, it is necessary to choose the proper site.
The plot of the should be square or rectangular in shape. The boundaries should be parallel to the respective magnetic directions. This means that the four major directions, east, west, north and south should meet the plot boundaries and not the corner.
The slope of the land surrounding the temple should be from South to north and west to east. The best slope is from south-west to North-East. Having sea, river etc. in the east or the north direction ensures natural slope in these directions.
All the residential complex or living area for the priests should be outside the temple complex.
The height of the discourse hall should be less than the height of the main temple. The stage for deities should be towards the west of the hall facing east.
Any fountains or water body should be in the north-east area of the temple complex.
All the washing area before entering the temple should be in east and all the toilets should be outside the temple complex.
Deepstambha (pillar for light), Agnikund (earthern pot in which the fire is built) and Homkund (Pit for sacred fire) etc. should be in the south-east corner.
The height of the main entrance gate should be more than every other door in the temple.
On entering from the main gate the idols should not be visible.
The colour of the pillars and the flooring of the hall should be white, yellow or light saffron.
There should be provision in east such that sunrays fall directly on the idol between 6a.m. to 9a.m.
In a temple different Idols of Gods will be there, but only Lord Hanuman’s idol can face South. Others should not face South.
There should be open space all around the temple.
There should be space for devotees do Parikrama of the temple or the main idol.
Best suitable location for the temple is either on high hills or places were the population is very low. As a rule the shadow of the temple should not fall on other buildings and such condition is possible only on hills or place located far away from population.
To perform ceremonies in the temple premises the best suitable area is either West or South.
The plants and trees in the temple compound should follow the Environmental Vaastu rules.
Gifts, charity or donation boxes should be either in east or north.
The bell should not be in the sanctuary. It should be at the entrance of the building that surrounds the sanctuary.
The pillars should either be square, rectangular, octagonal or circular.
Parking can be done in outside open space in the East or North.
The temple having four roads on four sides outside the compound wall is very auspicious. If a favourable Veedhi-shoola exists it will bring more prosperity.